Stroke is caused by failure of cerebral circulation to deliver oxygen to the brain or bleeding into the brain. This happens due abnormal blood vessels, heart or clotting factors. It usually presents itself as a sudden neurological symptoms that can vary depending on which part of the brain is affected. Sudden confusion, slurred speech, numbness or paralysis require urgently going to the emergency department of the closest hospital. Special blood thinning medicine that can rescue from damages may be given to the patient.
Since stroke can cause sometimes serious and devastating effects, prevention and screening are two of the most important parts of your visit to a neurologist. This may include doppler studies of the cerebral vasculature, lipid profile and referral to a cardiologist or physical or occupation therapy for those who already suffered a stroke.
Choice of blood thinning medication is based on the overall evaluation and condition of each patient. Special and additional tests may be also necessary depends of the circumstances. They may include MRI, cerebral angiogram, special blood and genetic tests.